What are the main HR needs every small business should have? Here is a list of HR qualities and features every small business must have.
What is a small business?
A small business is a business that is owned by an independent owner. Usually, they employ no more than 500 workers, including management and staff. A small business may have branches in different locations. Furthermore, they usually earn less revenue than larger businesses. Lastly, most small businesses are often associated with service and retail industries.
Small vs. Micro Businesses
A small business must not be confused with a micro business. Although they are both small-scale, a small business differs from a micro business in its scope and range of operations. In contrast, a small business also has a more formal and established organizational structure.
On the other hand, a micro business employs no more than five (5) employees. Usually, they start from a home-based or small office/storefront location.
What is HR?
HR, or human resources, refers to the human workforce of a business or an establishment. This includes all employees from the ground up. Additionally, this includes volunteers and contractors, that at least at one point, became part of the company’s manpower.
In the business industry, the term “HR” is usually used to refer to the human resources department. An HR department is a vital component of a business. It deals with all the matters concerning the workforce of the company.
Good and effective management of the company’s manpower is key to the company’s success. For this, it is crucial that the HR manager and the HR team are well-suited for their role. Lastly, they must also have the ability to lead the business to success.
Roles of the HR Department in Human Resource Management
The HR department of any business plays a vital role in the direction where the business proceeds. One of their main HR functions is to manage the most valuable resource of the company: the employees.
They must fully utilize the best skills and talents that each employee has to offer. As such, the human resources manager and team must be involved in the recruitment and onboarding process. The same is true until the time the employee exits the company. Essentially, how human resource management functions may lead the business to failure or success.
An HR team usually performs the following HR processes in a company:
Recruitment and Onboarding
The HR determines what positions need filling and what qualifications each applicant must possess. In addition, they also administer applicant exams, interviews, and the entire hiring process. Also, part of their task is to ensure the completeness of the requirements that applicants submit.
Onboarding employees includes orientation, where HR discusses the employee’s role in the company. During the orientation, HR also keeps new hires up to date with the company’s policies. The same is true for the HR policies and the discussion and release of the employee handbook.
Training employees is a must for every company or organization. This ensures that the skill levels of the employees are on par with the company’s needs. Furthermore, this ensures that employees are up to speed with the current technologies.
For many small business owners, employee training may be less of a priority. After all, they hire people with the necessary skills. However, training can provide employees with better experience and satisfaction. In addition, it promotes employee development and also helps with employee engagement.
All companies collect their employees’ records. The HR team is usually the one who collects these. Some of the pertinent information may include the employees’ medical records and health insurance numbers, social security numbers, and personal and contact information. Furthermore, they also handle employee time records and leaves while they render work in the company.
HR department handling employee information is only one part of their task. Aside from this, they also manage the computation of each employee’s compensation and coordinate its release. Additionally, they are in charge of making sure their companies pay employees on time and with the right amount.
The Labor Code of the Philippines, along with republic acts, requires employers to give benefits to their employees. It falls on the HR team to make sure that the employees are receiving these mandatory benefits. Additionally, they ensure the delivery of any other benefits agreed upon in the employees’ contract.
Employee Engagement and Relations
It can be hard looking for new employees that can perform their job. It is even harder to find ones that fit right into the vision and workflow and quickly adapt to the company culture. That is why ensuring the employees are well-engaged with the company and its goals is very important.
Maintaining good relationships with the employees helps ensure they stay longer with the company. First, it is hard to look for the right people for the job. Second, it creates a bad image for the company to lose its employees often. Lastly, Maintaining employee engagement and good relations is one of the most important HR responsibilities.
Employee Performance Management and Monitoring
The productivity of a company and the quality of its product or service determine its competitiveness in the industry. In relation to this, HR’s role is to monitor the performance of every employee.
Furthermore, they ensure that employees perform to their best abilities or at least to the company’s standards. Lastly, the HR department conducts performance reviews regularly. This determines which employees are performing well and which are slacking off in their duties.
What are the HR needs for small businesses?
No matter how big or how small businesses are, they will always have needs. And those needs might just be too big for the owner alone to handle. Let us take a closer look at the HR needs of small businesses.
One of the important HR matters for small businesses is compliance with laws, regulations, policies, and procedures. These directly affect the business regardless of where it is located. Examples of these include the Labor Code of the Philippines and the various republic acts and executive orders.
In some cases, small business owners take care of legal compliance. This is in addition to business management, including filing taxes and several forms. Compliance with employment laws must not be taken for granted as they may cause big problems later on.
Employee Recruitment, Onboarding, Off-boarding
No matter how small the business, it will always require the hiring of employees to reach its goals. A screening process must be conducted to find the best people fit for the job descriptions.
Once the best applicants have been hired, they must submit the necessary requirements. The HR team then receives these documents for compilation or filing. Until the employee finally leaves the company for good, the employee’s needs and welfare are part of the business’ responsibilities.
Employee Training and Development
As mentioned before, employee training and development is a must for every small business. Training employees help in their professional development and skills improvement. Additionally, it also helps them engage with the company and encourages them to stay longer.
Payroll and Benefits
Another HR need of a small business is taking care of payroll. The accuracy in doing payroll can make or break a business. Payroll must be accurate in incorporating time records, leaves, and other monetary benefits. Payroll also includes withholding necessary taxes and mandatory contributions, which are all part of a business’ legal obligation.
Employee Records Management
The employee’s records contain very important and even sensitive information. That is why it must be managed and secured properly. Employee records contain their salary grade, time records, filed leaves, personal information, medical records, and other pertinent information and documents.
A small business owner might get overwhelmed by the bulk and extent of the HR functions. Furthermore, some of the paperwork and functions might find these business owners out of their depth. Without the right tools and knowledge, errors that can jeopardize the business’s success are likely to occur.
Hire External HR Professionals
One of the possible solutions to this problem is to hire an external HR professional. External HR professionals are hr specialists that are not part of the business or company. They specialize in hiring their services to perform HR functions and duties for other companies. All of these without actually formally becoming employees of the company. Here are some of the types of HR professionals:
The HR manager’s role is to oversee the other employees of the HR department. They are also responsible for updating policies to match current conditions and comply with existing laws. The HR manager also takes point in creating development plans.
An HR generalist is a specialist who is well-versed in most of the functions of the HR department and the policies of the company. They are tasked to manage the daily activities and transactions of the department.
Employment specialists deal with the employment needs of the company. They are in charge of job postings, matching job candidates to the most fitting roles in the company. Their knowledge of the company’s screening and hiring process, job descriptions, benefits offered, and salaries are in-depth and wide.
Compensation and Benefits Specialist
This type of HR specialist focuses on employee salary and benefits offered by the company. They are in charge of processing pay raises and promotions. Lastly, they are also in charge of disseminating information regarding changes in benefits offered by the company.
A Development Specialist concentrates on training employees to ensure that they have the skill set necessary to perform their jobs well and to help in their personal growth and professional development.
Employee Relations Specialist
An Employee Relations Specialist is in charge of working with all employees, including managers and employers to maintain a smooth working relationship in the company.
Outsource to a Third Party
Another solution is to outsource the HR functions to a third-party organization, like Professional Employment Organization (PEO). PEOs play the part of the employer in the employee-employer contract. The PEO handles everything from the employment process to managing payroll, withholding taxes, employee benefits, labor law compliance, and HR paperwork. Outsourcing to a third party certainly relieves the burden of performing difficult HR tasks and saves time, however, third-party organizations might just be a bit heavy on the budget for small businesses.
Create an HR team or department
The above-mentioned solutions to HR problems certainly have their merits, but nothing beats having an HR team that is part of the business exclusively. A business’ own HR team or HR department is specifically catered to working and processing the data of the employees and of the company itself. They have the best in-depth knowledge of the policies of the company and the condition it is currently in. To create the company’s very own HR department, here are some steps to follow:
Assess the situation and create the HR processes
The first step to creating the best HR team for your company is to assess the current situation your company is in, HR-wise. Look at the necessary HR functions and see if your company is currently performing them. Based on your assessment, create the HR processes that your company needs.
Establish the HR team structure
The next step to creating your HR team is to define the HR team structure. This step helps establish what your HR team needs and specific areas each member must have a specialty. Lastly, this helps determine how many members must comprise the team, and so forth.
Fill skill gaps through recruitment
Once the structure of the HR team has been established, it becomes clear what skills the member of the HR team must possess. Most often, it is necessary to recruit more people who possess the necessary skill set to complete the HR team and help lead the company to success.
Establish the HR KPIs
Key Performance Indicators or KPIs are vital to measuring the efficacy of the HR team. HR KPIs are used for the performance reviews of the HR team. Additionally, it helps in assessing how they are achieving the goals of the company.
KPIs include employee turnover rate, training costs, and employee productivity and satisfaction. More specifically, these are numbers like employee tardiness and absenteeism and employee promotion rates.
Set the HR budget allotment
Another important step in creating the HR team is to set the budget allotment that the HR team gets to work with. Based on this budget, the HR team can accurately set achievable goals for the team and for the company.
But the best step is…
Choosing the best HR Software
HR software is the best ally a small business and its owners can have in managing and performing essential HR functions and responsibilities. The right HR software for the company is usually the key to raising the company’s prestige by elevating the quality of the product or service it provides and leading the company to the right path.
That is why choosing the best HR software is a crucial step in creating the best HR team for your company.
In today’s time, there are numerous HR service providers out in the market. To find the best HR software for your company, you need to consider the HR functions your company needs and also the cost.
HR service providers like eezi offer different modules and features that cater to all the HR needs a company can possibly have.
The best HR software for your company
Worry no more about all the difficult and tedious HR tasks you need to perform to a T to remain legally compliant and competitive in the industry. eezi HR and Payroll software can do all that for you without any computation hiccups and paperwork errors.