How to Pay Workers on National Heroes Day?

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Written by nikki

Learn all about the significance of National Heroes’ Day in the Philippines.

Salute to Our Heroes Calculating Pay on National Heroes Day
Salute to Our Heroes Calculating Pay on National Heroes’ Day

How did the National Heroes’ Day celebration start?

National Heroes’ Day is a regular holiday held every last Monday of August each year that commemorates our ancestors’ fight for freedom against Spanish colonization. Moreover, it pays tribute to the fallen heroes, known and unknown, who continue to fight for the country’s freedom.

People celebrate National Heroes’ Day, supposedly on the day of the “Cry of Pugad Lawin.” Locals have been observing this day since the time of the American occupation. During the celebration, they perform solemn rites and ceremonies, such as laying wreaths and raising flags.

Related: List of Philippine Holidays in 2023

Legal Basis

Originally, Republic Act No. 3827 declared October 28, 1931, National Heroes’ Day, or Araw ng mga Bayani, as an official holiday. Furthermore, it mandated that people celebrate it on the last Sunday of August every year.

In addition, the Executive Order No. 292, also known as the Administrative Code of 1987, later legislated National Heroes’ Day as a regular holiday. Furthermore, it reaffirmed the celebration of the holiday every last Sunday of August.

After this, the Republic Act No. 9492 rationalized the celebration of nationwide holidays and declared National Heroes’ Day a regular holiday. However, it changed the day of its celebration to the last Monday of August every year.

President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo introduced the change in the date of celebration as part of the holiday economics policy. Such allows the celebration of holidays that fall on weekends to be moved to the nearest Monday or Friday to create long weekend breaks.

When do we celebrate National Heroes’ Day?

According to the laws currently in effect, National Heroes’ Day is on every last Monday of August. Consequently, the exact date of the celebration naturally differs. Last year, it was on August 29, 2022. This year, the day falls on August 28.

Who are our National Heroes?

National Heroes Day 2023

There are many prominent figures who led the struggle for the country’s freedom, and their selfless sacrifice led to where we are today. Given that, below is a list of the key people during the Philippine Revolution:

  • Dr. Jose Rizal
  • Andres Bonifacio
  • Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo
  • Apolinario Mabini
  • Marcelo H. del Pilar
  • Sultan Dipatuan Kudarat
  • Juan Luna
  • Melchora Aquino
  • Gabriela Silang

Aside from these popular figures, National Heroes’ Day also pays tribute to all those who fought for our freedom, including those whose names remain unknown to this day.

DOLE rules on National Heroes’ Day pay

The existing laws mandate that the current president must make a proclamation on the exact date of the celebration of holidays. Based on the proclamation, the Department of Labor and Employment releases a Labor Advisory concerning the rules on payment and observance of each holiday.

As a regular holiday, the following rules regarding pay:

  • If the employee does not report to work, they will still get a full day’s worth of basic salary plus the corresponding Cost of Living Allowance (COLA).
  • If the employee works but it is their rest day, the employee receives an amount twice that of their basic daily wage (plus COLA). In short, they get double pay for their first eight (8) hours of service.
  • Suppose the employee works for more than eight (8) hours on National Heroes’ day and it is not their rest day. In that case, they get 30% more on top of the double pay for every hour in excess of eight hours.
  • Suppose an employee works on National Heroes’ day and it is their rest day. In that case, they are to receive an additional 30% of double the amount of the daily wage on top of their double pay.
  • Suppose the employee works over eight hours on National Heroes’ day, which falls on their rest day. In this situation, they receive an additional 30% more on top of the double pay and the additional 30%.

Computing pay on National Heroes’ Day

Following the rules on payment on this holiday, the following formulas can be used to compute the employees’ pay:


Pay = [(daily rate + COLA) x 100%]

Worked on a regular day

Pay = [(daily rate + COLA) x 200%]

Worked overtime on a regular day

Pay = hourly rate x number of hours x 200% x 130%

Worked on a rest day

Pay = [((daily rate + COLA) x 200%) + (30% x (daily rate x 200%))]

Worked overtime on a rest day

Pay = hourly rate x number of hours x 200% x 130% x 130%

Calculate holiday pay the eezi way

Each type of holiday follows a different set of rules regarding its observance and the awarding of payment. It is easy to make the wrong computations and be confused about which rules to follow. But worry not! eezi Payroll does not make those kinds of mistakes. Employ eezi Payroll to your service and guarantee smooth payroll transactions for your holiday pay calculations.

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